Introduction to Panchakarma

The Indian system of medicine, Ayurveda tradition has been existing from time immemorial. It is present in the vogue to administer for various diseases. On the basis of strong fundamental theory, Oriental technique, the Ayurveda structure was nurtured by ancient scholars. The healing technique of Ayurveda is believed to be more close to nature. Samshodhana Chikista (Bio-Cleansing) and Samshaman Chikista (pacifying therapy) are the two major classifications of treatment in Ayurveda. Shodhan Chikitsa, also known as waste elimination therapy, is performed when the body accumulates unnecessary toxins and is unable to excrete these toxic substances naturally. 

In Ayurveda, Panchakarma is one of the unique therapeutic methods promoted for the removal of toxins that cause illness and to maintain the balance of doshas. The demand for specialized therapies specifically like Panchakarma has increased substantially, not only for the treatment of diseases but also for preventive and promotional health care. As a consequence, many health centers and tourist resorts provide Panchakarma therapy as a rejuvenation therapy. Panchakarma is not merely bio-purificatory therapy as it is understood, but also has a wider range of therapeutics such as replenishing, depleting, rejuvenating therapies The fivefold measures comprehended by this therapy for internal and external purification of diseases. 

A year consists of six seasons: winter, spring, summer, monsoon, autumn. A particular  Doshas will be aggravated according to seasonal changes. Vata dosha is severely disturbed by the influence of the monsoon season. Due to the low efficiency of the digestive activity, the Doshas are beginning to vitiate and cause many diseases. Kapha, which was increased in the Spring Season as it decreases Agni and triggers many diseases.

Sareera Suddhi means “cleansing of the body.” To lead a quality life, one must do purification both internally and externally as a part of the regime.

Our dietary habits, hectic schedules, and unhealthful habits cause an accumulation of toxins in the body that can contribute to a tridosha imbalance. Other Coherent factors are the disturbance in the digestive fires, the formulation and accumulation of undigested nutrients, obstruction of body channels and disturbed assimilation in the tissues. Then with the aid of Panchakarma therapies, we can effectively remove toxins, and finally, the individual can undergo rejuvenation services, restoring the harmony of life.

This period of service depends on the person’s health status and the treatments undertaken. The therapies include apart from body massage are,

1. Nasyam (Nasal Insufflations)  – the administration of herbal preparations through the nostrils(Nasal Route Therapy). 

2. Vamana (Therapeutic Emesis) -This is the method of removing contaminants through the mouth by causing vomiting by providing herbal preparations after adequate preparatory processes such as oleation (snehana) and sweating (Swedana). Specially suggested for diseases dominated by Kapha. 

3. Virechana (Therapeutic Purgation) – Herbal preparations are given, which have the property to produce purgation(Elimination of toxins through (rectal passage). Efficient shodhana treatment system for diseases due to Pitta vitiation and certain Kapha cases.

4. Vasthi-Specially formulated medicinal oil added via the rectal route. This procedure can correct diseases caused by Vata vitiation.

5. Rakthamoksha – a blood-letting therapy, which is performed for the illness caused by pitta vitiation.

The chances of reoccurrence of the illness are very rare for patients after carrying out this treatment since it encourages positive wellbeing by rejuvenating the vital body systems. It slows the mechanism of ageing, enhances memory and sensory organ functions. In the treatment of autoimmune disorders, asthma and psychiatric diseases, this therapy is effective. As a post panchakarma measure, Panchakarma involves several preparatory measures, such as Snehana and Swedhana.

Internal purification and external purification are majorly categorized in Snehana (oleation). Achchha pana (internal purification) involves sneha (oil/Ghee) without interfering with food or any other substances, medicated or non-medicated. In doing so, it is effective in softening and lubricating body tissues.

Swedana is a process to induce sweat to the person or Patient. 

The Digestive fire/bio-fire (Agni) & body strength are poor after bio-purification. Special dietetic regimen is recommended to regain the strength of digestive fire. The person who has undergone Panchakarma is also advised of certain restrictions related to food & conduct.