Definition of Health according to Ayurveda-
Around 1948 WHO defines health as, “A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”. However, it is ironical that Ayurveda defines health similarly eons of years back,
समदोषः समाग्निश्च समधातु मलःक्रियाः। “Samadoshascha, samagnischa, samadhatumalkriyah!
प्रसन्नात्मेन्द्रियमनः स्वस्थइतिअभिधीयते॥ Prasannatmendriyamanah, swasthaitiabhidhiyate” !!
In simple terms, if the doshas are in equilibrium, the digestive fire (agni) will attain a balanced state. Further the tissues (dhatus) and malas (wastes) will work in a normal state, this implies to a healthy and pleasant body and mind. Such an individual is considered as a healthy person or Swasthapurisha.
Samadosha- The three doshas that are present in the body and mind, must be in a balanced state in order to keep a person healthy. When any one doshas is disturbed, either aggravated or decreased it produces a state of disease.
Samagnishaha- The digestive fire (agni) must be in proper state to keep an individual healthy. The food we consume after metabolism it gets converted to kitapakkam and sarapakkam. Further the sarapakkam gets distributed to 7 dhatus.
Sama dhatu malakriya- Transalation, balanced state of dhatus and malas. There are 7 dhatus according to Ayurveda namely, Rasam (nutrients), Raktam (blood), Mamsa (muscle), Medas (Fat tissues), Asthi (Bone), Majja (Bone marrow) and Shukra (semen/ sperm). The excreta or Malas- Purisa (faecal matter), Muthra (urine), Sweda (sweat). If the dhatus function properly the malas will be eliminated via (marga) or the channels of the body, further indicating a healthy functioning body.
Prasanna AtmendriyaManaha- In Ayurveda, the physical state of body along with the soul, sense organs and the mind have been given special importance. From the term, Prasanna AtmendriyaManaha, Prasanna is the blissful state of the body, Atma implies to the soul, indriya is the sense organs and manas is the mind, when all these constitutions collide and are stable, a healthy body is formed.
Swastha or the healthy state of an individual is achieved when the doshas are balanced, dhatus are functioning with the proper elimination of malas.
Hence, we state that- A healthy body leads to a healthy mind likewise, a healthy mind leads to a healthy body.
AathurasyaVikasaPrashamanam!!” (please insert Sanskrit version of this verse)
Preserving the health of a healthy person and treating ailments of a diseased person.
Pareeksha- Diagnostic Tools
Importance of Pareeksha-
Pareeksha is the
Pareeksha is the examination of the patient. It has two categories-
- RogiPareeksha is examining the patient and it is a skillful act performed.
RogiPareeksha should be done to know the patient better.
- RogaPareeksha is examining the disease.
Understanding the nature of the disease helps in accurate diagnosis of the disease.
Further the RogiPareeksha or the examination of the patient is done in Ayurveda by using one or more of the below methodologies-
- TrividhaPariksha (Three fold examination)
- Darshana Pareeksha– things identified by direct observation of patient or analysis by perception.
- SparshanaPareeksha– it is a palpatory method or the analysis done by touch.
- PrashanaPareeksha– is to ask questions to patient regarding the disease or done through interrogation.
- PanchavidhaPareeeksha (Five fold examination)
- DashavidhaPareeksha (Ten fold examination)
- AshtaSthanaPareeksha (Eight fold examination)
- Nadi- examination of pulse
- Malam- examination of fecal matter
- Mutram- examination of urine
- Jihva- examination of tongue
- Sabda- examination of voice
- Sparsa- examination by touch
- Drik– examination of eyes
- Akriti- examination of body structure.
NadiPareeksha or Pulse Diagnosis-
NadiPareeksha is an ancient technique of diagnosis through the pulse. It can accurately diagnose physical, mental and emotional imbalances and diseases. A non-invasive science that enables to reach the root cause of health issues and not just address the symptoms.
According to Ayurveda, the presence of pulse at the Angushtamula (below the thumb finger) is how the nadipareeksha is examined. Nadi is properly known as the Evidence of life. NadiPareeksha is both a diagnostic tool and prognostic tool. Also, the science of observing the pulse of the human body, mind and the sub-conscious. The pulse examination, communicates more than what we can feel. It acts a s a bridge between the physician and the rogi. Energy flowing through the various nadis (channels) carries information about health of all that connects to the organs. Body metabolism and even information about conscious, sub-conscious mind and attitude.
Three fingers placed in position over the nadi indicate the condition of the Tridosha-Vata, Pitta and Kapha lies respectively under Tarjini (Index Finger), madhyama (middle finger), and anamika (ring finger) of examining Vaidya (physician). Nadipareeksha deals with the knowledge about involvement of doshas and prognosis of disease and diagnosis.
How is nadipareeksha performed?
The physician should perform the pulse examination in the respective hands of the patient by using his right hand. The nature of the pulse has to be observed by the physician signifying the condition of the patient.
- The physician should be seated in comfortable position with their feet placed on the floor and in a calm and composed mood, while the rogi (patient) should be in the same state of mood.
- The physician and the rogi (patient) must sit facing each other comfortably.
- The nadi of the left hand will be clear in females while in males that of right hand.
- Vaidhya (physician) must feel the pulse with his right index, middle and ring finger kept in close opposition near wrist region.
- Identify the vata, pitta and kapha pulsation respectively at the index, middle and ring finger and elicit its movement as rapid, moderate and feeble.
- Examination of nadi (pulse) shed light of doshas involved by indicating the dominance of a single dosha or mixing of two doshas or mixing of three doshas or curable or incurable diseases.
Why is NadiPareeksha prominent?
NadiPareeksha is a very special type of non-invasive diagnostic method where just by the use of three fingertips, the pulse of the rogi (patient) can be achieved within fraction of seconds. This can provide authentic information about the rogi’s (patient) physical, mental, emotional and phycological condition.
Since time immemorial, checking of the pulse (nadi) was examined even in the absence of technology. Energy flow was the only technique the vaithyas practiced ever since. Moreover, nadi is checked without any diagnostic tool.
Having a true understanding about the disease and diagnosing accordingly is the primary step prior treatment. While understanding the rogi(patient) and roga (disease), nadipareeksha is one of the most significant methods of diagnosis. On this basis of nadipareeksha, one can draw conclusion on diagnosis of a particular disease and can manage consequently.